Transport Scotland, a Scottish Government agency, is constructing a 49km railway line from Edinburgh Waverley to Tweedbank in the Scottish Borders. Around 50% of the 49km railway line will consist of double tracks. The construction of the new railway line is estimated to cost between £235m and £295m.

London Blackfriars station in London, UK, underwent a major redevelopment programme and became a landmark station of operator Network Rail. Construction on the redevelopment project, estimated to cost £350m, began in 2008. The new station was re-opened to passengers in February 2012 and became fully operational in summer 2012.

London's Vauxhall Tube Station is being upgraded to increase its capacity to accommodate an expected 40% rise in passengers in the next few years. The station currently handles around 21 million people annually, with planned upgrades improving accessibility at the station and enabling step-free access to the underground Victoria line trains.

Turkish Railways (TCDD) has constructed the country's first high-speed railway line, which connects the capital city of Ankara with largest population centre of Istanbul, and serves more than 17 million people.

The Flexity family of light rail vehicles (LRVs) is manufactured by Bombardier Transportation. The LRVs have higher passenger capacity and run at a higher average speeds. They are also run as light or pre-metro services, where the vehicles often pass through underground sections.

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